Indications / counterindications

There are certain rules that need to be followed before starting the process of donating blood. We will again emphasize that in order to donate blood, the person has to be healthy and in good general condition ( well rested, with consumed light meal, etc. )

Indications and contraindications for donating blood are:

GENERAL INFORMATION
Age 18-65 years
Body Weight > 50 kg
Body temperature < 37 ° S
Puls 50-100 / min.
Blood Preassure (TA) 90-180 / 50-110 mm Hg
Haemoglobin > 135 g/L( m ), > 125 g/L( `)
Hematokrit > 0.40(m), > 0.38(`)
Copper sulfate > 1055(m), > 1053(`)
Pregnancy 6 moths after birth or an abortion, except in exceptional situations when the doctor decides
Donating interval 3 months ( men), 4 months (women)

 

CONDITIONS THAT NEED INDIVIDUAL ASSESSMENT
Allergy Individuals with documented history for anaphylaxisshouldn’t be accepted as donors
Autoimmune disease If more than one organs are affected, this condition leads to temporary rejection from donations
Beta thalassemia Heterozygous carriers of beta thalassemia gene can be donors, if they are in good general condition and with the haemoglobin within normal limits.
Bronhitis Individuals having symptoms of serious chronic bronchitis shouldn’t be accepted as donors
Common cold Depending on the conditions
Hypertension Individuals with TA>180mmHg ( systolic) or >100mmHg (diastolic) shouldn’t be accepted as donors.
Menstrual cycle Donating is not postponed
Alcoholism Donor should not be in alcoholic condition

 

PROPHYLACTIC IMMUNIZATION
Inoculation, vactination Period of delay
Vaccination with attenuated bacteria and viruses

BCG ,yellow fever, rubella ,measles, poliomyelitis (peros ), mumps , vaccine for cholera with attenuatedagents, vaccine for parafitus with attenuated agents

4 weeks
Vaccines with dead bacteria

Cholera, parafitus, capsular polysaccharide vaccine for parafitus

Depending on condition
Vaccine with inactivated viruses

Poliomyelitis (injection ), influenza

Depending on condition
Toxoids

Diphteria, tetanus

Depending on condition
Other vaccines

Hepatitis A , Hepatitis B ,

Rabies , encefalit tick-borne

Depending on condition, without exposure,

with exposure, after 1 year

Serum from animal origin 3 months

 

STATES THAT LEAD TO TEMPORARY REJECTION
State Period of delay
Endoscopy with biopsy ( using of flexible instruments), inoculation injury, acupuncture, body tattooing or piercing, splashing of mucosal with blood, tissue or cell transplant from human origin Postponed by 6 months or for 4 months with negative NAT test for hepatitis C
Transfusion of blood components Postponed by 6 months or for 4 months with negative NAT test for hepatitis C. In injecting erythrocytes as part of approved immunization program clinical assessment will be necessary.
Epilepsy 3 years after interruption of therapy and in that period to be without epileptic seizures
Body temperature >38 ° S 2 weeks after symptoms withdrawal
Kidney diseases Acute glomerulonephritis: 5 years after complete withdrawal of symptoms
Use of drugs Use of medication can be due to some primary disease, that can cause postponing in blood donation. The doctor makes the decision for accepting the donor, depending on the case and the drugs used.
Osteomielitis 2 year after recovery
Rheumatic fever 2 years after attack, without signs of chronic heart disease. Late complications are a cause for permanent rejection of the donor.
Surgery Major surgery: mostly 6 months after operation. Minor surgery: 1 week after surgery, if there are no complications. Patients with a history with gastric resection are permanently rejected
Tuberculosis, brucellosis 2 years after recovey
Tropical diseases 6 months after returning from tropical areas if there weren’t any signs of fever or some disease

 

STATES THAT LEAD TO PERMANENT REJECTION
Malignant diseases Individuals with malignant disease history are usually permanently rejected. There can be an exception to this rule, in some cases, by doctor’s decision, e.g. with donors having non-invasive cancer of the cervix and successful treatment.
Creutzfeldt-Jacobdisease

 

mad cow disease

All patients diagnosed with Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease are rejected, also patients diagnosed with other prion disease or treated with extract of human pituitary
Diabetes Only insulin-dependent patients are rejected
Use of drugs individual assessment made by the doctor ( see the list attached)
Cardiovascular diseases History for heart diseases, especially coronary diseases, angina pectoris, severe cardiac arrhythmia, cerebrovascular disease, arterial thrombosis or recurrent venous thrombosis
Infectious conditions Carriers of HIV, HBV , HCV

babesiosis, leishmaniasis,

Q fever and others

Kidney diseases Acute glomerulonephritis: 5 years after complete withdrawal of symptoms